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Unlocking Potential: Advancing Cooperation between SMEs in India and Türkiye

September 1, 2023


In an increasingly interconnected global economy, the role of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) cannot be underestimated. SMEs are the backbone of economies, contributing significantly to GDP, employment, innovation, and overall economic growth. Recognizing this, two major G20 countries, India and Türkiye, stand poised to deepen their cooperation in the realm of SMEs, creating a win-win scenario for both nations.

Understanding the Potential:

Both India and Türkiye possess vibrant and diverse SME sectors that exhibit immense potential for collaboration. India, known for its entrepreneurial spirit and tech-savvy workforce, boasts a growing startup ecosystem. Türkiye, strategically positioned between Europe and Asia, offers a unique blend of culture, industry, and innovation. By tapping into each other’s strengths, these countries can open new avenues for growth and development.

Areas of Collaboration:

Trade and Investment: Facilitating trade and investment between Indian and Turkish SMEs can unlock numerous opportunities. Both countries can work towards streamlining regulations, simplifying customs procedures, and offering incentives for cross-border investments. This can lead to increased market access, fostering innovation and economic growth.

Technology and Innovation: India’s prowess in software development and Türkiye’s manufacturing capabilities can complement each other remarkably well. Joint ventures and partnerships in technology-driven sectors like information technology, electronics, and biotechnology can create synergies that drive innovation and enhance global competitiveness.

Tourism and Hospitality: Tourism plays a vital role in the economies of both India and Türkiye. Collaborations between SMEs in the tourism and hospitality sectors can lead to the development of attractive travel packages, cultural exchanges, and infrastructure improvements, thereby boosting tourism flows between the two countries.

Agri-Business and Food Processing: Agriculture is a significant contributor to both economies. Sharing best practices, modern agricultural techniques, and collaborating in food processing industries can ensure food security, reduce wastage, and increase the value addition in the agricultural sector.

Textiles and Apparel: Both India and Türkiye have strong textile and apparel industries. Partnering in these sectors could lead to the exchange of design expertise, raw materials, and manufacturing capabilities, creating a strong supply chain that benefits consumers in both countries.

Ways to Advance Cooperation:

Bilateral Agreements: Establishing bilateral agreements focused on SME cooperation can provide a framework for collaboration. These agreements can include provisions for joint ventures, technology transfer, market access, and capacity-building initiatives.

Business Incubators and Accelerators: Setting up joint incubators and accelerators can nurture startups and SMEs by providing access to resources, mentoring, and funding opportunities. This can foster innovation and entrepreneurship in both countries.

Trade Delegations and Exhibitions: Organizing trade delegations, industry-specific exhibitions, and business matchmaking events can facilitate direct interaction between SMEs from India and Türkiye. These platforms enable networking, knowledge sharing, and forging of partnerships.

Skill Development Programs: Collaborative skill development programs can ensure that the workforce in both countries is equipped with the necessary skills for the industries of the future. This can include training in emerging technologies, cross-cultural communication, and global business practices.

Digital Platforms: Creating digital platforms or marketplaces dedicated to SMEs from India and Türkiye can simplify cross-border transactions, making it easier for businesses to explore new markets and collaborate on projects.

Challenges and Mitigation:

Despite the enormous potential, cooperation between Indian and Turkish SMEs might encounter challenges related to regulatory differences, cultural nuances, and logistical barriers. To address these challenges, both governments can work together to harmonize regulations, provide cross-cultural training, and invest in infrastructure that supports smoother trade and communication.


Collaboration between SMEs in India and Türkiye holds immense promise for both countries. By leveraging their strengths, sharing expertise, and nurturing innovation, these G20 nations can deepen their economic ties and contribute to each other’s growth. With the right strategies, bilateral agreements, and supportive frameworks in place, the advancement of cooperation between Indian and Turkish SMEs can become a catalyst for sustainable development and prosperity.

Author – H. E. Mr. Cüneyt Yavuzcan – Consul General of the Republic of Türkiye in Mumbai.

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